Irish Free State established (375 words)

Historical Context Note

  • George Cusack (University of Oklahoma)


[Preliminary Entry] Following the abortive Easter Rising (see seperate entry), the violent English repression of dissident groups exacerbated the alienation of many Irish citizens and led to a state bordering on civil war. Bowing at last to more than 150 years of demands for Home Rule, the British government in London decided to pass the Government of Ireland Act (1920) dividing the island into northern and southern provinces, both of which were to enjoy limited self-government.

Following Irish elections, two representative parliaments were created in Ireland, one pro-Union at Stormont near Belfast representing the 6 counties where there was a Unionist majority, the other known as the Dáil in Dublin, pro-Independence and …

Cusack, George. "Irish Free State established". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 21 June 2005
[, accessed 30 April 2017.]

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