Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) fails to achieve ratification

(147 words)
  • Lucas Paul Richert (University of Saskatchewan)

Historical Context Note

The Equal Rights Amendment was defeated after a 10-year struggle for ratification. The text of the legislation read that ‘Equality of rights under the law shall not be abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex'. First introduced to Congress in 1923, the amendment was finally approved by the U.S. Senate in 1972. It was then sent to the state legislatures for ratification. It was not, however, ratified by the required 38 states. The ERA would have become the 27th Amendment to the American constitution. The largest supporter of the amendment was the National Organization for Women (NOW). The most influential opponent of the ERA was conservative female advocate Phyllis Schlafly. She and others argued that enactment …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Richert, Lucas Paul. "Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) fails to achieve ratification". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 November 2008
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=5718, accessed 25 September 2016.]