Battle of Gravelines ends Spanish Armada's hopes of success

(62 words)
  • Lucas Paul Richert (University of Saskatchewan)

Historical Context Note

  • The Literary Encyclopedia. Volume 1.5.1: Dutch and Flemish Writing and Culture, 800-present.

The Spanish Armada is defeated, at the Battle of Gravelines, by the English army it had intended to conquer. Those ships that remain are forced by westerly winds to journey back to Spain via the North Sea and the Scottish and Irish coasts. So many are wrecked in the process that only 60 of the original 130 ships successfully made it back to Spain.

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Richert, Lucas Paul. "Battle of Gravelines ends Spanish Armada's hopes of success". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 November 2008
[, accessed 29 September 2016.]