On 27 August, General George Washington was defeated at the Battle of Long Island. The Americans evacuated New York.
Richert, Lucas Paul. "Battle of Long Island". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2009; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=5916, accessed 28 April 2015.]