Klu Klux Klan founded

(230 words)
  • Lucas Paul Richert (University of Saskatchewan)

Historical Context Note

In 1866, the Ku Klux Klan was formed secretly in the South to terrorize blacks and fight Radical Reconstruction. The organization was disbanded in 1869-1871. The organization started in Nashville, Tennessee, and its members fought for the restoration of white supremacy in the South. The organizational hierarchy saw a Grand Wizard as the leader. Below him were Grand Dragons, Grand Titans, and Grand Cyclopses. Nathan Bedford Forrest, a cavalry general during the Civil War, was the organizationÆs first supreme leader. Klansmen carried out acts of terror after the creation of the group; such acts included evening raids, whippings, and lynchings. In 1869, however, Forrest ordered that the Ku Klux Klan be formally disbanded. Despite the …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.

Citation:
Richert, Lucas Paul. "Klu Klux Klan founded". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2009
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=5968, accessed 01 November 2014.]