Scots crown Charles II

(206 words)
  • Editors

Historical Context Note

Charles II, son of the executed King Charles I, proclaimed himself king on the death of his father in 1649. However, the English Parliament proclaimed the abolition of the monarchy, and established, first a Commonwealth, then a Protectorate under Oliver Cromwell, that lasted until Cromwell's death in 1658. In the political crisis caused by his death, however, Charles II was able to take back the throne, in a process known as 'the Restoration' which is often extended as a description of his entire reign. This period saw the origin of the 'Whig' and 'Tory' political parties that would effectively monopolise English politics until their re-formulation as 'Liberal' and 'Conservative' in the nineteenth century. Anti-Catholic feeling ran high,…

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.

Citation:
Editors. "Scots crown Charles II". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 March 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=610, accessed 24 July 2014.]