The reign of Edward II is often characterized as a failure. He inherited his father’s war with Scotland and promptly lost ground. He gave money and lands to undeserving male favorites. He alienated his nobles, and as a result had his monarchial powers checked. He alienated his queen and provoked a rebellion. Eventually, he was deposed as the result of his overwhelming ineptitude.
Edward II was born 25 April 1284 as Edward of Caernarfon. He was the only surviving son of Edward I and his first wife, Eleanor of Castile. He enjoyed a close relationship with his father’s foster mother, Alice, wife of Reginald de Leygrave, and his surviving sisters Joan, Margaret, Mary, Eleanor, and Elizabeth. Reportedly, the young prince was m…
Sauer, Michelle M.. "Reign of King Edward II". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 15 July 2008
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=616, accessed 25 March 2017.]