Henry VII inaugurated the Tudor dynasty when he won the throne from Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485. This victory for the Lancastrian branch of the Plantagenet family ended the Wars of the Roses which had been fought intermittently over three decades, an ending Henry secured by choosing as his queen the principal claimant from the Yorkist family, Elizabeth of York. Although he had won the crown by military means, Henry VII thereafter presented himself in a much more quietest mode. He focused on restoring fiscal prudence, introducing more efficient taxation systems, and was careful to avoid costly wars.
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