Reign of King John

(298 words)
  • Editors

Historical Context Note

John, born the youngest of Henry II's five sons, was not expected to succeed to the throne. Indeed, his lack of any intended inheritance gave him the early nickname "John Lackland". However, the early deaths of his three eldest brothers put him in line for the throne as Richard I's successor. John acted as Richard's regent while he was on crusade in the 1190s, and on his death from a stray arrow wound at a Limousin castle in 1199, took the throne as King. He initially managed to retain hold of the English crown's Angevin Empire (along the west coast of modern-day France) in the Treaty of Le Goulet, which he and Philip II of France signed in 1200. However, war broke out two years later, in which nobles from Anjou, Brittany and Normandy …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Editors. "Reign of King John". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 31 July 2012
[, accessed 01 October 2016.]

Related Groups

  1. Reigns and Monarchy in the British Isles