Reign of King William the Lion of Scotland

(137 words)
  • Editors

Historical Context Note

The younger brother of Malcolm IV, William was a dramatic contrast to his brother, being warlike and wilful where his predecessor had been pious. He succeeded to the throne on Malcolm's early death in 1165, and his reign was the longest in Scottish history until that of James VI, four centuries later. He was an effective monarch in many respects, but the legacy of his reign was damaged by his insistent attempt to reclaim Northumbria from England. He took part in the Revolt of 1173-4, but at the Battle of Alnwick in 1174, he was captured and taken to Falaise in Normandy. Here he was forced to sign the Treaty of Falaise, which promised that Scotland would henceforth be subordinate to England, and agreed to pay Henry for the costs of his …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Editors. "Reign of King William the Lion of Scotland". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 31 July 2012
[, accessed 26 September 2016.]

Related Groups

  1. Reigns and Monarchy in the British Isles