Editors. "Third Partition of Poland by Prussia, Russia, and Austria". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 May 2009; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=7119, accessed 21 April 2015.]
The third and last of three partitions that ended the existence of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland disappears from the map of Europe.
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