Navigation Acts and the First Anglo-Dutch War

(115 words)

Historical Context Note

  • The Literary Encyclopedia. Volume 1.5.1: Dutch and Flemish Writing and Culture, 800-present.

The United Provinces of the Netherlands, as the foremost Protestant state in continental Europe, was most obvious potential ally of the English Commonwealth. In 1651, two envoys from England, Oliver St. John and Walter Strickland, attempted to broker just such an alliance, but were refused. In response, since the two states were rivals in trade, the English Parliament passed the first Navigation Act, aimed at crippling the Dutch freight trade. It decreed that imports to England could only be carried on English ships, or those of their country of origin. It unsurprisingly created tension between the states, and contributed to the outbreak of the First Dutch War in 1652, over control of the sea and trade routes.

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.