Newgate: the name alone once carried a charge strong enough to turn any law-breaker’s nerve. Other gaols there were, in abundance, in eighteenth century England – but it was Newgate Prison that characterised the worse excesses of the days of the Bloody Code.
Newgate’s history is a long one. It was built early in the twelfth century (the exact date is unclear) when a fifth gate was added to the principle entrances in the wall that surrounded the city of London to create a safe route from Aldgate through West Cheape to the recently restored St Paul’s Cathedral, hence the “new gate”. Apartments above the gatehouse were used as a county gaol for London and Middlesex from its earliest days. After almost three centuries, …
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Carver, Stephen. "Newgate Prison". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 18 July 2003
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=772, accessed 17 August 2017.]