India’s Partition and the creation of Pakistan

(2482 words)
  • Ayesha Jalal (Tufts University )

Historical Context Essay

India's partition and the creation of Pakistan in 1947 are among the major events in twentieth century history. The British Raj came to an end amidst unprecedented violence and social dislocation. An estimated half a million people perished while seventeen million people were forced to move across the freshly demarcated frontiers of India and Pakistan. The blood-stained legacy of 1947 has cast an enduring shadow on inter-state relations and domestic politics in post-colonial South Asia. There are few burning issues in the subcontinent which cannot be traced, directly or indirectly, to the fateful moment when the British struck the partitioner's axe. India and Pakistan have fought two full-scale wars over the former north Indian princely …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Jalal, Ayesha. "India’s Partition and the creation of Pakistan". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 09 February 2006
[, accessed 25 September 2016.]