(381 words)

Literary/ Cultural Context Note

  • The Literary Encyclopedia. Volume 12: Global Voices, Global Histories: World Literatures and Cultures.

Projection was defined by Freud in “Further Remarks on the Neuro-Psychoses of Defence” (1896), the Schreber case history (1911), “Instincts and their Vicissitudes (1915) and in Section IV of “Beyond the Pleasure Principle” (1920) as a means of ego-defence in which the subject attributes its own unconscious motives and ideas to objects outside of itself. The individual thus disavows what it does not want to admit about itself and discovers in the external world feelings, qualities or objects which originate in its own unconscious. Since Freud drew attention to such processes projection has become a by-word and stock device in the representation and diagnosis of the paranoid, and especially of murderers, but for Freud and his …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Clark, Robert. "Projection". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 24 October 2005; last revised 11 November 2009.
[, accessed 29 November 2015.]

Related Groups

  1. Psychoanalysis