English King, Edward I, conquers Scotland

(200 words)
  • Editors

Historical Context Note

Since succeeding to the throne of England in 1272, Edward I had pursued an aggressive policy of expansion into the neighbouring kingdoms. He responded to a minor rebellion in Wales with a full-scale retaliation that went far beyond the original status quo, subduing the whole of the country to his rule. Several major castles were built to defend this new territory, including Caenarfon, Beaumaris and Harlech. The success of this campaign led Edward to attempt a similar conquest of Scotland. After the death of the Scottish king Alexander III, and that of his heir Margaret of Norway in 1290, the kingdom was left without an obvious heir. The two main competitors were John Balliol and Robert Bruce, but Edward I claimed the right to arbitrate b…

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.

Editors. "English King, Edward I, conquers Scotland". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 31 July 2012
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=9349, accessed 03 July 2015.]