This was part of England's attempt to subjugate Scotland. It was followed by Robert Bruce's concerted effort to overthrow English rule in Scotland.
Editors. "Scottish leader, William Wallace, is executed". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 March 2010; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=9350, accessed 21 April 2015.]