The Royal Society, whose full title explains its role as a 'Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge', was established to promote what we would now call scientific development. Influenced by the idea of 'New Science' developed by Francis Bason that were based on experimentation, a group of like-minded men had met, both in London and Oxford, since the 1640s. On the restoration of Charles II in 1660, his attention was drawn to this group, and he granted it a royal charter.
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