Published in 1859, Dvorianskoe gnezdo [Home of the Gentry, in the Penguin edition, being just one of a number of titles this novel has received in translation] is one of Turgenev’s earlier novels, written just after Rudin and before Nakanune [On the Eve]. Turgenev wrote Home of the Gentry in the summer of 1858 at his childhood home, Spasskoe-Lutovinovo, in the province of Orel, Russia. By 1858, Turgenev had been meditating on his ideas for the novel for several years. He started work on it while in France visiting his long-term lover, the married Pauline Viardot, in 1856, but abandoned progress. Inspiration for the novel continued to …
Malone, Nora. "Dvorianskoe gnezdo". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 21 January 2007; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=11250, accessed 19 April 2015.]