Smoke was Ivan Turgenev’s fifth, and penultimate novel, first published in Russkii vestnik [The Russian Herald] in mid-April 1867 and in book form in November of the same year. Turgenev had begun writing it in the autumn of 1863, a year after he had left his native Russia after the furore provoked by the publication of his masterpiece Fathers and Children [or Fathers and Sons], also in the Russian Herald. He made his way to the German spa town of Baden-Baden, where his paramour, the world-famous singer Pauline Viardot, was living; in due course Turgenev built a large mansion (which still stands) next to her house and only left the town, bound for Paris, with the …
Pursglove, Michael. "Dym". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 26 November 2013; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=11253, accessed 26 April 2015.]