Published in Russkii vestnik [The Russian Messenger] in 1871-72, Dostoevsky’s Besy [The Devils], a novel in three parts, began in the author’s imagination as a “political pamphlet” that would encapsulate his objections to the radicalism of the Russian “nihilists” of the 1860s. The novel achieved both this and more, transcending the cultural-historical debates of the period to become one of nineteenth-century literature’s most profound depictions of revolutionary activity and radical thought. Such was its force when it appeared that some critics objected to what they considered The Devils’ scurrilous depiction …
Brower, Derek. "Besy". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 14 March 2006; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=11269, accessed 21 April 2015.]