Jack London’s 1903 novel, The Call of the Wild, occupies a unique position in literary culture. Widely translated, this best-selling work resists easy classification. Best known as a robust adventure story featuring a once-pampered dog impressed into hard labor as a Klondike sled-dog, The Call of the Wild can be variously categorized as naturalism, social protest, historic saga, captivity tale, animal story and action-packed realism. The novel, strongly influenced by London’s reading of Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer as well as his alignment with socialist thought, showcases three significant facets of literary production: awareness of social, political and economic realities; artistic representation of a …
Gatti, Susan. "The Call of the Wild". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 31 January 2011; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=1335, accessed 26 April 2015.]