The Satires of Horace consistently stake out their place as the second effort in Roman verse Satire since its “discovery” (Sat. 1.10.48) by Lucilius (?180-102/1 BCE), who established the dactylic hexameter as its metrical form. Although Ennius (239-169 BCE) and Varro (116-27 BCE) also wrote poems they called saturae (Varro’s satires, in a combination of prose and verse, are termed Menippean), these, along with any works of verse Satire no longer extant, were overlooked, and Roman Satire quickly came to be defined as what Lucilius, Horace (Dec. 8th 65-Nov. 27th 8 BCE), Persius (34-62 CE), and Juvenal (active early 2nd C) wrote.

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Citation:
Ferriss-Hill, Jennifer. "Satires". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 24 September 2012
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=13379, accessed 01 September 2015.]