According to Virginia Woolf human character may have changed “on or about December, 1910”, but in James Joyce's manuscripts this change took place a few years earlier. In Joyce's writings, the literary transition from realism to modernism happened between 1905 and 1907. His later novel, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1914), is now regarded as a prototype of a modernist novel, though in its composition it started as something completely different.

On 7 January 1904, Joyce completed an essay entitled “A Portrait of the Artist” for the Irish magazine Dana. The editors John Eglinton and Frederick Ryan had commissioned the text but when they received Joyce's essay, they declined it. The …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Citation:
Van Hulle, Dirk. "A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 25 October 2002
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=2606, accessed 31 July 2015.]