The Life of Avvakum, written by himself (Zhitie protopopa Avvakuma im samim napisannoe i drugie ego sochineniia ) is a Russian literary work created in the 17th century which is often referred to as the first Russian autobiography. Although various autobiographical elements could be found in other medieval Russian texts (e.g. Pouchenie Vladimira Monomakha - Grand Prince Vladimir Monomakh's Instruction to His Children, created in the 12th century), Avvakum was the first to give a full account of his life in the form of hagiography. Accounts of lives of saints were normally written after their death and based on oral stories or documents that were put together as proof …
Rogatchevskaia, Ekaterina. "Zhitie protopopa Avvakuma im samim napisannoe i drugie ego sochineniia". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 06 September 2010; last revised .
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=31206, accessed 25 May 2015.]