George Orwell: Nineteen Eighty-Four

(2055 words)
  • Chris Hopkins (Sheffield Hallam University)

Orwell’s novel Nineteen Eighty-Four is, with the same author’s Animal Farm, one of the most widely read pieces of political writing of the twentieth century. Its vision is of a world in which three rival superpowers – Oceania, Eurasia and Eastasia – are locked in an endless but in fact symbiotic war (there are alternating periods of peace between one or other power). The war is a stalemate (or perhaps a fiction in which all three sides collaborate) whose continuance ensures that the citizens of Oceania, Eurasia and Eastasia remain in a constant state of submission to the forces of hatred, artificial collective feeling, and propaganda. The leader of Oceania, Big Brother, is leader of the Party, which …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.

Hopkins, Chris. "Nineteen Eighty-Four". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 08 November 2002; last revised 11 March 2005.
[, accessed 01 March 2015.]

Related Groups

  1. Dystopian and Apocalyptic Fiction