Elmer Rice: The Adding Machine

(3547 words)

The Adding Machine (1923), Elmer Rice’s most famous play, is one of the earliest examples of Expressionism in the American theatre. Expressionism emerged in European theatre, especially in Germany, after World War I. Representative examples include Georg Kaiser’s Gas (1918) and Ernst Toller’s Mass and Man (1920), although these plays had been anticipated by such dramas as August Strindberg’s The Spook Sonata (1907) and Frank Wedekind’s Spring Awakening (1906; composed 1890-91). The earliest examples of Expressionism in America include Eugene O’Neill’s The Emperor Jones (1920) and The Hairy Ape (1922), John Howard Lawson’s Roger Bloomer

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.

Citation:
Clausson, Nils. "The Adding Machine". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 18 August 2012
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=34380, accessed 24 November 2014.]