Elmer Rice: The Adding Machine

(3370 words)

The Adding Machine (1923), Elmer Rice’s most famous play, is one of the earliest examples of Expressionism in the American theatre. Expressionism emerged in European theatre, especially in Germany, after World War I. Representative examples include Georg Kaiser’s Gas (1918) and Ernst Toller’s Mass and Man (1920), although these plays had been anticipated by such dramas as August Strindberg’s The Spook Sonata (1907) and Frank Wedekind’s Spring Awakening (1906; composed 1890-91). The earliest examples of Expressionism in America include Eugene O’Neill’s The Emperor Jones (1920) and The Hairy Ape (1922), John Howard Lawson’s Roger Bloomer (1923) and Processional …

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Clausson, Nils. "The Adding Machine". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 18 August 2012
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=34380, accessed 26 September 2016.]