Luigi Pirandello’s third novel, Il fu Mattia Pascal [The Late Mattia Pascal; 1904], marks the transition from the writer’s naturalist/verist phase, characterized by the publication of novels such as L’esclusa [The Outcast; 1901] and Il turno [The Shift; 1902], to a more experimental, surreal, and avant-garde one. Il fu Mattia Pascal is universally considered one of the earliest and most significant works of European modernism. Both the novel’s style and content announce Pirandello’s final break from literary realism and philosophical positivism. No longer interested in issues concerning the objective representation of the world, the …
Chirumbolo, Paolo. "Il fu Mattia Pascal". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 04 June 2014; last revised .
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=35007, accessed 26 May 2015.]