Karl Marx: Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei [Manifesto of the Communist Party]

(2576 words)
  • Stewart Crehan (Manchester Metropolitan University)

A Spectre is haunting Europe – the spectre of communism…
The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.
Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another, carried on an uninterrupted, now hidden, now open fight, a fight that each time ended in a revolutionary transformation of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes.

No other nineteenth-century text has been translated, discussed and quoted more often, or has had more influence globally, than <…

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Crehan, Stewart. "Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2006; last revised 24 August 2007.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=3748, accessed 06 July 2015.]