Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: Iphigenie auf Tauris [Iphigenia in Tauris]

(2219 words)

Goethe’s Iphigenie auf Tauris, a pinnacle of German classical drama, was composed in rhythmic prose between 14 February and 28 March 1779, when Goethe was twenty-nine years old and while he struggled as a government executive with such social problems as starving stocking weavers in Apolda and laboured under the onerous task of levying soldiers to meet a Prussian requisition in the War of the Bavarian Succession. A blank verse version was published in an edition of Goethe’s collected writings by Göschen at Leipzig eight years later. Members and friends of the court performed the original version on 6 April 1779, with Goethe himself in the role of Orest and Corona Schröter as Iphigenie. In 1802 Schiller …

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Dye, Ellis. "Iphigenie auf Tauris". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 15 April 2005
[, accessed 29 May 2015.]