Steinbeck biographer Jackson J. Benson notes that during the first two decades of the century, American and European authors were being influenced by a great deal of experimental fiction. Citing such works as Dos Passos’s Manhattan Transfer (1925) and Joyce’s Ulysses (1922) and The Dubliners (1916) as representative of the experimentation that was taking place, Benson suggests that during the twenties and thirties, Steinbeck was intrigued by these innovative works; he also maintains that the construction of The Pastures of Heaven, his second novel (1932), may have been influenced by these new structures for fiction, as well as by Sherwood Anderson’s Winesburg, Ohio, published in 1919 …
Meyer, Michael J.. "The Pastures of Heaven". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 11 April 2007; last revised 28 August 2007.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=7353, accessed 24 January 2017.]