The Redundancy of Courage (1991) is narrated in the first-person. This is a crucial issue since the narrator, Adolph Ng, is participant and survivor of the political upheavals in the fictional island of Danu, and the novel is supposedly his eye-witness account of what happened. Danu, which distinctly resembles East Timor, is a former Portuguese colony, and after independence, the members of the anti-colonial movement become leaders of the new nation. But this period of autonomy is short-lived; Danu’s powerful neighbour, the Malai, quickly moves in to fill the space vacated by European imperialism. After a period of guerilla resistance, the Danuese leadership is decimated as the nation ceases to exist; Ng, a lone …
Ho, Elaine. "The Redundancy of Courage". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 04 February 2005; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=7551, accessed 19 April 2015.]