The Torrents of Spring (1926) was Ernest Hemingway's first novel. A slim volume, it was published by Scribner's after being rejected by Hemingway's first US publisher, Boni and Liveright. As Henry Fielding had parodied Samuel Richardson's Pamela (1740) with his own Joseph Andrews (1742), Hemingway parodied his friend Sherwood Anderson's most recent novel, Dark Laughter (1925). Since Anderson was one of the most popular novelists under contract with Boni and Liveright, that publisher understandably chose not to publish the parody.
Although he claimed that he had written the parody for Anderson's own good and for the good of American literature, Hemingway had been disturbed by reviewers' suggestions …
Fleming, Robert E.. "The Torrents of Spring". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 17 March 2001
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