Martin Amis’s novel Time’s Arrow can be defined, at one level, as an “unnatural narrative” (Alber 2009) because intradiegetic time (time within the story) moves backwards. Many narratives confront us with retrogressive temporalities (Richardson 2002: 49-50), among which one can mention Elizabeth Jane Howard’s novel The Long View (1956), Charles Hubert Sisson’s novel Christopher Homm (1965), Tom Stoppard’s play Artist Descending a Staircase (1972), Don DeLillo’s novel Underworld (1997) and Christopher Nolan’s film Memento (2001). In most of these cases of reversed time the narrative discourse represents a chronological sequence of events i…
Alber, Jan. "Time's Arrow". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 04 January 2010; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=8356, accessed 18 April 2015.]