Avicenna

(1651 words)
  • Maria Angeles Gallego

Avicenna, in Arabic Abu `Ali al-Husayn ibn `Abd Allah ibn Sina, was the most eminent Muslim philosopher and physician of his time and became known in the West as Avicenna. His compendium of medical, scientific and philosophical knowledge, the Kitāb al-shifā [The Book of Healing], became widely known throughout the intellectual world from the eleventh century and may be considered the most important single medical book ever published.

Life

The life of Ibn Sina is known to us from two main sources: his autobiography, in which he recounts his first thirty years of life, and from the biography of his friend and secretary al-Juzajani. Ibn Sina was born an ethnic Persian in Afshana (in modern I…

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Citation:
Gallego, Maria Angeles. "Avicenna". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 15 July 2008
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=194, accessed 30 July 2015.]