Max Horkheimer was the dominant spirit in the formative decades of the philosophical tradition known as the “Frankfurt School”. Now more than seventy-five years old, this movement began its development in 1923 at the Institut für Sozialforschung (Institute for Social Research), affiliated with the University of Frankfurt am Main, Germany. The Institute facilitated research into developments in society in order to allow the formulation of a comprehensive social theory. This research focused on subjects typically neglected by German universities of the time, such as psychoanalysis, social psychology, the sociology of Max Weber, and the study of political-economic history. The paradigm for the Institute's research was non-…

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Citation: Wood, Kelsey. "Max Horkheimer". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 26 July 2004 [, accessed 26 September 2023.]

2208 Max Horkheimer 1 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

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