Jerzy Kosinski was born to well-educated Jewish parents in Lodz, Poland, in 1933. During his formative years, he managed to survive the horrors of the Second World War and the virulent anti-Semitism of the Polish countryside as he shunted from one “guardian” to another. In the decade following the war, he received an advanced degree in sociology at the Polish Academy of Sciences and was selected to conduct further research at Moscow's Lomonosov University. In 1957 he emigrated to the United States, becoming a naturalised citizen in 1965. In those eight intervening years, he taught himself English, did graduate work at Columbia and the New School for Social Research, wrote two nonfictional studies of Soviet life under the …
Kich, Martin. "Jerzy Kosinski". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 24 January 2002; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=2558, accessed 26 April 2015.]