Frank Norris was one of a number of American novelists who, around the close of the nineteenth century, extended the scope of “serious” fiction to include social issues of sexuality, commodification, and economic class. Along with Stephen Crane and Theodore Dreiser, Norris is regarded as one of the most important practitioners of “literary naturalism” (q.v.). This contemporary term signalled the bringing together of realist description with an appeal to natural science, especially the theories of Darwin, Spencer and (especially in Norris's case), Berkeley professor Joseph Le Conte, to explain the social and commercial developments of the USA.
Frank Norris was born in 1870, into a family shortly to become prosperous due …
Davies, Jude. "Frank Norris". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 20 October 2001
[https://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=3351, accessed 23 February 2019.]