An innovative playwright and poet, a socialist revolutionary and politician, a government member in the ill-fated 1919 Bavarian Soviet Republic (Räterepublik), a political prisoner and an exiled German Jew, Ernst Toller's own biography – with the exception of its tragic ending – almost reads like fiction. Toller's life was, indeed, later fictionalized in the eponymous play published by Tankred Dorst (1925-) in 1968. In several of its stations and facets, however, Toller's life is also representative for the experiences shared by many of his contemporaries: a generation of writers and intellectuals traumatized by war, persecuted and ultimately expatriated by the National Socialists. Today Toller remains …
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Williams, Rhys W.. "Ernst Toller". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 29 September 2006
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