American Colonization Society established to transport free blacks to Africa (158 words)

Historical Context Note

Download PDF Save to Bookshelf Share on Facebook Tweet Report an Error


The American Colonization Society was established with the aim of 'returning' freed African Americans slaves and also free African Americans and their descendants to Africa. A colony was established in Liberia for this purpose, after initial attempts to found a colony in Sierra Leone were unsuccessful. Though members of the ACS were largely pro-abolitionist Quakers who believed 'repatriation' offered African Americans the best opportunities, support for the society came from mixed quarters. Anxieties over a rapidly growing African American population and the subsequent impact on the economy, as well as fears over slave rebellions, fuelled a less than idealistic desire to see a large scale immigration of black people. This meant that …

We have have no profile for this entry. If you are a qualified scholar and you wish to write for The Literary Encyclopedia, please click here to contact us.

Save this article

If you need to create a new bookshelf to save this article in, please make sure that you are logged in, then go to your 'Account' here.