The surrender of the Confederate Army at Vicksburg, Mississippi on the 4th of July 1863 was crucial to the eventual victory of the Union, as it crushed Southern morale and gave the North complete control of the Mississippi River. The surrender followed two major assaults and the 40 day Siege of Vicksburg by the Union Army, led by Major General Ulysses S. Grant (27th April, 1822 - 23rd July, 1885).
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