England and Spain have been antagonistic to each other for several
decades, with the militant Catholicism of Philip II finding
Elizabeth's treatment of Mary Queen of Scots and her support for
the Dutch rebels difficult to accept. With Sir Francis Drake on a
voyage to attack Spain's colonies, the Spanish confiscate the
English shipping in their ports as a reprisal. This effectively
represents as a declaration of war on England, and the two states
are then intermittently at war with one another until the Treaty of
London in 1604.
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Editors. "English shipping in Spanish ports is confiscated". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011
[https://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=15316, accessed 19 January 2018.]