Guelphs and Ghibellines

Historical Context Note

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John Took (University College London)

Everywhere conspicuous in accounts of medieval Italian political alignments, the term Guelph denotes, broadly speaking, allegiance to the Pope, and Ghibelline allegiance to the Holy Roman Emperor as regards protection, patronage, rights, privileges and immunities within the complex communal life of the time. They first appear in Florence in the 1240s but go back to the rivalry in the twelfth century between the German dynasties ranged with or against the Hohenstaufen, the term ‘Guelph' deriving from the Welf family of Bavaria and the term ‘Ghibelline' from Waiblingen, a Hohenstaufen castle and stronghold. …

226 words

Citation: Took, John. "Guelphs and Ghibellines". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 15 May 2006 [, accessed 08 February 2023.]

1668 Guelphs and Ghibellines 2 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

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