Editors. "Battle of Malplaquet". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 April 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17096, accessed 10 March 2014.]
Marlborough and Imperial commander Prince Eugene defeat the French at the Battle of Malplaquet, with very heavy casualties. In response to this encounter, the Tories nickname Marlborough the 'Butcher'.