After Japan has closed its ports and expelled foreigners, British,
French and Dutch fleets respond by attacking the Shimonoseki
Straits. A truce on 14th September is followed by a peace
convention on 22nd October, when Japan agrees to pay an indemnity
of $3 million.
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Editors. "British, French and Dutch fleets attack Japan in Shimonoseki Straits". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[https://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18480, accessed 20 October 2017.]