The Italo-Turkish War was triggered by Italy on September 29, 1911, the day after the Ottoman Empire rejected an Italian ultimatum and simultaneously refused to concede rights to establish an Italian protectorate in Libya. The war was officially terminated one year later, on October 18, 1912, with the Treaty of Ouchy signed by both parties. As a consequence of this agreement, Italy could annex the so-called “Fourth Shore” to its national territory and finally reclaim a strategic position within the Mare Nostrum—the Mediterranean Sea. Establishing a colony in North Africa was crucial for Italy at that time because the country wanted to validate a claim to power in the area that it believed originated in the …
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Nocentini, Valentina. "The Italo-Turkish War, aka The Libyan War (1911-1912): The Conflict and its Long-Term Consequences". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 11 October 2018
[https://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=19347, accessed 11 December 2018.]