Rabat, Casablanca, March 1966: a small group of poets and artists—Abdellatif Laâbi, Mostafa Nissaboury, Mohamed Khaïr-Eddine, Bernard Jakobiak, Mohamed Melehi, Hamid El Houadri, and Mohamed Fatha—publish the first issue of Souffles (in French, literally “breaths”, figuratively “inspirations”), a poetry and culture review that would serve as a conduit for experimental art and progressive politics in Morocco and beyond in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Though several important cultural journals were launched in the decade following Moroccan independence from France in 1956 (most notably, Lamalif [N-O], Afaq [Horizons], and Al-thaqafa al-jadida [

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Harrison, Olivia C., Teresa Villa-Ignacio. "Souffles-Anfas". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 17 September 2013; last revised .
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=19351, accessed 06 July 2015.]

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