The right of investiture is the right to appoint people to ecclesiastical posts such as bishoprics. In the eleventh and twelfth centuries, a series of Popes claimed the right as their own, which had previously in practice rested in the hands of local rulers. Disputes between Henry I and the Gregorian papcy even led to Archbishop of Canterbury Anselm's exile in 1103. However, in 1107 a Concordat of London was signed that agreed a compromise. The terms of this arrangement were employed again at the Concordat of Worms in 1122, which largely brought an end to this extended dispute.
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Editors. "Settlement of Investiture Dispute". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 31 July 2012
[https://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=1953, accessed 20 February 2018.]