Rebellion of Owain Glyndwr (164 words)

Historical Context Note

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The rebellion of Owain Glyndwr is also known as the 'Welsh Revolt' and even the 'Last War of Independence', because this ultimately unsuccessful attempt to secure true independence for Wales was the last before the country was entirely incorporated into England under Henry VIII in the 1530s. After Glyndwr's appeal to Henry IV over a land dispute was peremptorily dismissed, the strength of his reaction defied expectation. He declared himself Prince of Wales and stormed several English settlements with a small band of followers, raiding seven towns in one week. This initial rising was soon put down, but rumours of potential Welsh independence spread quickly. When the King reacted by passing several anti-Welsh laws, this acted as fuel to t…

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