The collective unconscious is a concept developed by Carl Jung in 1936 and constitutes a difference between Jungian and Freudian psychoanalysis, the latter denying its existence. Jungians hold that beneath the individual unconscious, which stores repressed personal memories and desires, lies a collective unconscious which contains collective memories from the history of mankind and recurrent life-experiences such as birth, death, the mother, the father. These recurrent collective experiences are referred to in primordial archetypal images — the earth mother, the wise father, the devouring …
Editors. "Collective Unconscious". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 25 May 2006; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=200, accessed 18 April 2015.]